Related Research: Early Childhood Learning

The Early Childhood Workforce Index

Marcy Whitebook, Caitlin McLean, and Lea J.E. Austin
2016 | The Early Childhood Workforce Index, published by the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, is the first effort to establish a baseline description of early childhood employment conditions and policies in every state, based on measurable status and policy indicators. The Index is part of the State of the Early Childhood Workforce Initiative, a multiyear project to shine a steady spotlight on our nation’s early childhood workforce.

The Benefits and Costs of Investing in Early Childhood Education

Robert Lynch and Kavya Vaghul
2015 | This report by Robert Lynch and Kavya Vaghul for the Washington Center for Equitable Growth describes and analyzes the benefits and costs of investing in a public, voluntary, high-quality universal prekindergarten program for 3- and 4-year-olds across the United States. According to the report, by 2050, universal pre-k in the U.S. would yield $8.90 in benefits for every dollar invested and $304.7 billion in benefits. 

Impact of California’s Transitional Kindergarten Program, 2013-14

Heather Quick, Karen Manship, Aleksandra Holod, Nicholas Mills, Burhan Ogut, Jodi Jacobson Chernoff, Jennifer Anthony, Alison Hauser, Shannon Keuter, Jarah Blum, and Raquel González
2015 | California’s transitional kindergarten program is intended to better prepare young 5-year-olds for kindergarten and ensure a strong educational foundation. This study, by the American Institutes for Research (AIR), measured the success of the program by determining the impact of transitional kindergarten on students’ readiness for kindergarten. Researchers found that transitional kindergarten improves preliteracy and literacy skills, mathematical knowledge, and problem-solving skills, and supports children’s behavioral self-regulation. They found no detectable impact on social-emotional skills.

Early Childhood Intervention and Life-Cycle Skill Development: Evidence from Head Start

David Deming
2009 | This paper provides new evidence on the long-term benefits of Head Start using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Author David Deming compares siblings who differ in their participation in the program, controlling for a variety of pretreatment covariates. Deming estimates that Head Start participants gain 0.23 standard deviations on a summary index of young adult outcomes. This closes one-third of the gap between children with median- and bottom-quartile family income.